Definition of TB (Tuberculosis)

Definition of TB (Tuberculosis)

TB (Tuberculosis), also known as TB is a lung disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB will cause symptoms in the form of a cough that lasts a long time (more than 3 weeks), usually with phlegm, and sometimes bleeding.

TB germs not only attack the lungs, but can also attack the bones, intestines, or glands. This disease is transmitted from the saliva that comes out of a TB sufferer, when talking, coughing, or sneezing. This disease is more susceptible to infection in someone with low immunity, for example, people with HIV.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis

Apart from causing symptoms in the form of a cough that lasts a long time, TB sufferers will also experience several other symptoms, such as:

  • Fever
  • Limp
  • Weight loss
  • No appetite
  • Chest pain
  • Night sweats

Tuberculosis Treatment

TB can be detected through sputum examination. Some other tests that can be done to detect this infectious disease are chest X-rays, blood tests, or skin tests (Mantoux).

TB can be cured if the sufferer adheres to taking the medicine according to the doctor's prescription. To overcome this disease, sufferers need to take several types of medicine for a long time (at least 6 months). The drug is generally in the form of:

  • Isoniazid
  • Rifampicin
  • Pyrazinamide
  • Ethambutol

TB disease treatment requires a long time and a lot of money. Therefore, having health insurance can be a consideration, so you don't need to worry about the costs involved when you seek treatment later.

Tuberculosis Prevention

TB can be prevented by giving the vaccine, which is recommended before the baby is 2 months old. In addition, prevention can also be done by:

  • Wear a mask when in a crowded place.
  • Cover your mouth when you sneeze, cough and laugh.
  • Do not spit or spit carelessly.
That's All

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