Ideally, the development of a 2 year old child is like this

Ideally, the development of a 2 year old child is like this

The stage of growth and development for each child varies according to age. When a child is two years old, his brain has formed countless neural connections. This helps her to understand what, how and why her little world is like that.

Two year olds begin to understand the concepts of 'inside', 'outside', 'there', 'far', 'near', 'below' or 'where'. Parents can see their new abilities in terms of understanding space. For example, children begin to understand and follow instructions to take the ball in the basket.

Ideally, the development of a 2 year old child is like this 

Child Development 2 Years

Here are some general growth and development of two year olds:

Physical growth

This includes the growth of the first 16 teeth, but the actual number can vary widely. Physical growth also includes weight gain, height, and head circumference. Ideally, a two-year-old child weighs 10-13 kilograms with a child's height reaching 84-89 cm.

Sensory and cognitive development

Children this age can speak by combining 2-3 words and the vocabulary increases to around 50-300 words, although that number can vary widely. With more vocabulary, children can begin to communicate about their needs. Things like wanting to go to the toilet, being thirsty or hungry, can now be conveyed more clearly. In addition, children can begin to wear and take off their own clothes. Children can point out the objects that you mention and begin to know the names of family members or people close to them, as well as knowing the parts of their bodies.

Development of motor skills

Includes the ability to run with better coordination. In addition, the child's balance has also improved. Children can stand while picking up objects, throw the ball, and can kick the ball without losing balance. Children also begin to become skilled in their environment, they can turn door handles, can look at books and turn the pages, can assemble toy blocks, and are ready to undergo toilet training.

Children can also walk up or down stairs on their own while holding on, but they should still be accompanied by their parents. To practice these abilities in your little one, mothers and fathers can do several ways to train their children's motor skills.

Emotional and social development

From 2-5 years of age, children learn to recognize and control their emotions gradually. He began to show independence and likes to imitate others who are older than him. In addition, he began to get excited about meeting and playing with friends. By the age of two, children usually experience habitual problems, such as thumb sucking, nightmares, and temper tantrums.

Temper tantrums are a condition when a child's emotions explode, even to the point of biting, kicking, or screaming. Generally this happens because the child is unable to express what he feels, or tries to convey what he feels to make him frustrated. Children display temper tantrum behavior when they are feeling uncomfortable, tired, hungry, or not getting what they want. However, that does not mean that tantrums can be left alone. Parents should learn techniques to calm their children when they are tantrums.

How to Encourage Child Development?

Here are some steps parents can take to encourage two-year-olds' enthusiasm for learning to explore their world.

Involve the child

Get the children involved in daily family activities, such as unpacking groceries, washing fruit, watering plants, or other activities around the house. This method can not only support growth and development but also foster children's independence. However, do keep children safe by keeping dangerous materials or equipment out of their reach.

Let the children play

Provide enough space for him to play and be physically active in a healthy manner. Invite the children to play blocks and build towers or other creativity. In addition, try to prevent children from passive activities, such as watching television. The limit of television exposure for children should be less than one hour a day, and not more than three hours a day. Also, choose nonviolent content.

Read fairy tales and chat with children

This activity will help enrich children's vocabulary, as well as help them find new ideas as well as learn languages.

Make sure the child has enough rest

Sleep time needed by children aged 2-5 years is a minimum of 11 hours and a maximum of 13 hours a day.

Teach children to do routines

This includes how to put on and take off your clothes, and how to use the toilet.

Give children healthy food

We recommend that you choose vegetables, fruits and healthy snacks. By the age of 2 years, children can also begin to be taught to drink with a glass or sippy cup.

Parents are encouraged to routinely carry out several examinations for their child's growth and development at the age of 2-5 years. This examination is important to detect whether there are problems with growth or development.

During the examination, the doctor will perform a physical examination, measure the child's height and weight, ask about the child's and family's behavior, ask about the child's activities or playmates, and give supplement injections if needed. During the examination process, parents can also consult a doctor regarding their child's health, behavior, and development.

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