Other Causes of Weight Gain

Weight gain doesn't always come from what you eat. There are many other unpredictable causes of obesity.

Body weight generally increases when the calories burned by the body during activity are less than the calories that come from the food consumed. But apart from food, there are many factors that also affect metabolism and body weight. Recognize these factors.

Other Causes of Weight Gain

Other Causes of Weight Gain 


When you are stressed, your body will become tense and produce a hormone called cortisol. This hormone is the main cause of increased appetite so that it makes it easy for you to eat any food to calm yourself down.

Lack of sleep

There are several things that make a lack of sleep closely related to weight gain, namely:

  • When you are sleep deprived, there is an increase in hormone levels in the body that can increase hunger and appetite.
  • Sleeping late at night makes you more likely to eat snacks at night, which can increase calorie storage in the body.
  • Lack of sleep makes you tend to choose random foods such as fried foods instead of healthy snacks like fruit.

Take certain drugs

It turns out that taking certain drugs can cause weight gain, such as:

Antidepressants: depression is one of the causes of weight gain because sufferers prefer not to be active and stay at home. But unfortunately, drugs to treat depression can cause weight gain as well. But there are also some sufferers whose appetite returns because they are in a better mood and not because of the side effects of antidepressants.

Steroids: weight gain due to increased appetite can be a side effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as prednisolone. People who take steroids can also experience changes in certain body parts that store fat, such as the stomach and face.

Other drugs: Other drugs can also cause weight gain, for example drugs to treat migraines, high blood pressure, diabetes, and seizures. The same goes for the antipsychotic drugs commonly used to treat bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Apart from the drugs above, certain types of contraception, such as birth control pills and birth control injections, are also considered to increase weight. However, this still needs to be investigated further.

Have certain diseases

Some of the following diseases can trigger hormonal changes that can cause obesity, including:

  • Hypothyroidism: is a condition when the body does not produce enough thyroid hormone. This condition causes weight gain due to slowing down of the body's metabolism.
  • Cushing's syndrome: occurs when the adrenal glands produce too much stress hormone, such as cortisol, or in people who take steroids for the treatment of lupus, arthritis, or asthma. Weight gain is particularly noticeable on the face, upper back, neck and waist.
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): women with this syndrome generally have many small cysts in their reproductive organs. Women in this condition have resistance to hormones that play a role in controlling blood sugar (insulin) levels, causing weight gain which is generally centered in the stomach.

Technology and lifestyle

A lifestyle with all conveniences such as internet access to almost any place can make people sit in front of a screen longer than before. The habit of sitting for a long time is often combined with the habit of eating high calorie snacks, causing weight gain.

Quit smoking

Inhaling secondhand smoke makes your heart rate increase 10-20 times more in one minute so that the body burns more calories when smoking. When a person stops smoking, the appetite will increase but this effect will disappear within a few weeks. The benefits of quitting smoking will far outweigh continuing to smoke for the fear of being fat.

Extreme diet

Extreme diets with the aim of losing weight drastically in a short period of time are ineffective. This method does not train the body to burn large amounts of calories in the long run. As a result, the food you eat will not burn completely and as a result, your body weight will return quickly.

Reducing the Risk of Weight Gain

Even though it is more difficult to detect, the factors that cause obesity can still be managed in the following ways:

Good sleep patterns. Get used to having enough hours of sleep, and start sleeping and waking up at the same time every day. Use the bedroom only for sleep and sexual activity.

Ask your doctor before stopping certain medications. If you experience weight gain due to drug consumption, you should check with your doctor before deciding to stop using it. You can also ask for alternative treatments that do not pose a risk of increasing body weight.

Get active. Either because of drug consumption or because of health conditions, weight gain is generally caused by a decrease in the body's metabolic conditions. Moving actively every day, such as walking up stairs, is one simple way to keep your body in shape. With regular exercise, a person will be in a better mood so that he is far from excessive stress and depression.

Understand fluid buildup due to drug consumption. Weight gain due to consumption of certain drugs is sometimes only caused by a buildup of fluids. Weight gain due to this condition is not permanent and can disappear immediately after taking the drug. At this time, you are advised to adopt a diet low in salt. Examples of drugs that can increase the body's fluid content are birth control pills.

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